Indian history

The best way to understand India, in terms of recent history and the factors leading to its current situation, the way people think and behave- all summed up in this UCLA History course by Prof Vinay Lal. A must listen for Indians and any foreigners interested in India/South Asia. It puts a lot of things into perspective and gives you unique ways to think about topics you encounter in everyday life or conversations about India. It covers a broad range of topics like – women, cinema, caste systems, religion, Partition, Agriculture, rural and Urban areas, development, Diversity, Politics, Law etc.

India After Independence (1947-Present)

 

Another course from the same person at UCLA. A History of British India

 

A well curated website about India- history and current issues

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Pi’s Lullaby from Life of Pi: Bombay Jayashree

The Academy award nomination for this soothing song!! Can ease and put you to sleep!!

Kanne… Kanmaniye
Kannurangaiyo… Poove
Mayilo, togai mayilo
Kuyilo, koovum kuyilo
Nilavo, nilavin oyilo
Imaiyo, imaiyin kanavo
Ra ra ro… mmm… Ra ra ro…
Ra ra ro… mmm… Ra ra ro…
Mmm… mmm… mmm… mmm…
Mmm… mmm… mmm… mmm…
Malaro, malarin amudho
Kaniyo, senkaniyin suvaiyo
Ra ra ro… Ra ra ro…
Mmm… mmm… mmm… mmm…
Mmm… mmm… mmm… mmm…
ENGLISH:
Oh my love
Oh the delight of my eyes
Would you not sleep my flower?
Are you the peacock or the plumage of the peacock?
Are you the cuckoo or the cry of the cuckoo?
Are you the moon or the light of the moon?
Are you the eyelashes, or the dream?
Are you the flower or the nectar?
Are you the fruit or the sweetness?

Piano Tutorials Notes

Airtel Tune

Red=> higher octave, Black => middle octave

A AA A E, BC BA G B
AB AG AB C, B AG E
A E G E, E D C A
C D E F, D CBA

Kal Ho na ho

Capital letters = middle octave, small letters = lower octave

C b C b C b CE D C b a b a b
C b C b C b CE D C b a b a b
G A CA FG AG
G A CA GF A# AG

3 Moonu Tamil movie Soundtrack

(b5)BCA AGBG, BCA AGB  (2 times)

EGA BCA AGBG, BCA AGB

BCA AGBG, BCA AGB  (2 times)

Dandalayya from BAhubali

Jamuratiri Jabilamma

Janagana mana

Pirates of the Carribean

Simple: First 3 lines w/o chords:
ACD D DEF F FGE E DCCD
ACD D DEF F FGE E DCD
ACD D DFG G GAA# A# AGA D, DEF F GAD

NAgin Been

D# C# E C# D# B C# B D# C# E D# B C#
D# C# E C# D# B C# B D# C# E D# B C#
G# G# A A G# G# A A G# G# A A G#-
F# E F# F# G# G# F# F# G# G# F# F# G# G# F#-
D# C# E C# D# B C# B D# C# E D# B C#

Ode to Joy – Beethoven

EEFG GFED CCDE E DD
EEFG GFED CCDE D CC
DDEC DEFEC DEFED CD A
EEFG GFED CCDE D CC

 

BASICS

C= Sa, D= Ri, E= Ga,………..A= Da,…
12 keys, Distance between consecutive keys = half step, Sharps (after) and flats (before)

Scales

(In notations for ragas/scales, Letter Name cannot be repeated, so use a flat version)

1. Sankarabharanam or C major – C D E F G A B C
2. Natabhairavi or C natural minor – C D Eflat F G Aflat Bflat C
3. Keeravani or C harmonic minor – C D Eflat F G Aflat B C

[When you skip some notes and go up or come down within the raga, it is called aarohana and avarohana respectively]

Chords

A Chord is when you hit 3 or more keys at the same time. Chord = triad, when 3 keys are pressed together

Thumb = finger 1, index = finger 2, little=finger 5 (for right hand)
Reverse for left hand i.e little finger = finger 1

Chords in C Major/Sankarabaranam

To create a triad chord of any key, go 4 half steps first and then 3 half steps

  • Cmajor Chord: C1 E3 G5 (thumb on C)
    [Start at C, go 4 halfsteps to E, go 3 half steps to G]
  • Fmajor Chord: F1 A3 C5 (thumb on F)
  • Gmajor chord:1 3 5 (thumb on G)
  • Aminor chord: 1 3 5 (thumb on A)
    [we call it Aminor as we reduce the second note of the triad by half step, as that note is not in Cmajor scale]

Terms and notations Eg: The voices of C major triad are C E and G. C is the root note of the C major chord/triad. C is the tonic of C major scale. Progression means moving from chord to chord
Left hand used for harmony and right hand for melody

If you play, C E G, it is called root position C major chord
If you play, E G C, it is called C major chord in first inversion (C in higher octave)
If you play, G C E, it is called C major chord in second inversion (C, E in higher octave)

[Using left hand]Smooth voice leading => transition from one chord to another with minimal hand movement for smooth transition. This is done by using the inversion version instead of root position version of a chord.
Eg. C major to G major progression i.e GCE to GBD. Practice this loop. Then practice C G F major chords in loop. Also practice Fmajor to Bflat major (2nd inversion) progression.

Hindolam – sa ga ma da ni sa (C Eb F Ab Bb C , fingers131234)

B Major: B, C#, D#, E, F#, G#, A#, B, Major Scales. (Right: 1= thumb, 12312345; Left: 1=thumb, 43214321)
To construct a major scale, you can use the formula, W-W-H-W-W-W-H. “W” stands for whole step and “H” stands for half step

  • Notes: B, C#, D#, E, F#, G#, A#, B
  • Fingerings (Left Hand): 4, 3, 2, 1, 4, 3, 2, 1
  • Fingerings (Right Hand): 1, 2, 3, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5

(Thumb is finger 1, index finger is finger 2, middle finger is 3, ring finger is 4 and pinky finger is 5.)

 

yamaha psr e 453 (touch sensitive) or a lower price version 353

Yamaha DGX230 or the Yamaha YPG-235 (semi weighted)